Cyber-security meets functional safety
The cyber-threat to industrial control systems is very real, as demonstrated by high profile attacks in recent years.
Cyber risk for the rail engineer
Cyber security issues have pervaded almost all aspects of life as daily data breaches and hacked websites testify. In the rail sector, where previously isolated control systems have become connected to the internet, we have seen a new challenge emerge for engineers tasked with ensuring system reliability, availability, maintainability, safety and now security (RAMSS).